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How to use Terminal on Mac: Basic commands and functions
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There are a number of different shells that can run Unix commands, and on the Mac Bash is the one used by Terminal. If you want to make the window bigger, click on the bottom right corner and drag it outwards.
Basic Mac commands in Terminal
The quickest way to get to know Terminal and understand how it works is to start using it. To run a command, you just type it at the cursor and hit Return to execute. Every command is made up of three elements: You should now see a list of all the files in your Documents folder — ls is the command for listing files.
To see a list of all the commands available in Terminal, hold down the Escape key and then press y when you see a question asking if you want to see all the possibilities.
How to use the Terminal command line in macOS
To see more commands, press Return. Unix has its own built-in manual. So, to learn more about a command type man [name of command] , where "command" is the name of the command you want find out more about. Firstly, every character matters, including spaces. If you want to re-run a command, tap the up arrow key until you reach it, then press Return.
Commands are always executed in the current location. Use the cd command, followed by a directory path, like in Step 1 above, to specify the folder where you want a command to run. There is another way to specify a location: Now save it to the TerminalTest folder in your Documents folder.
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Now type ls and you should see "TerminalTestFile" listed. That will change the name of the file to "TerminalTestFile2". You can, of course, use any name you like.
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The mv command means "move" and you can also use it to move files from one directory to another. Terminal can be used for all sorts of different tasks.
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Some of them can be performed in the Finder, but are quicker in Terminal. Here are a few examples. In a Terminal window, type d itto [folder 1] [folder 1] where "folder 1" is the folder that hosts the files and "folder 2" is the folder you want to move them to.